Diabetic kidney patients how to eat2017-02-06 14:21
People's lives are getting better and better, but the frequency of the disease is rising. Among them, the incidence of diabetic nephropathy is constantly increasing, in the face of such a disease, in addition to treatment, it is necessary to pay attention to the daily life of the. So, what kind of healthy diet will stay away from this type of kidney disease?
1.Energy and carbohydrate intake
In the face of this kind of disease, to gather care to start from the root cause of nephropathy, away from bad food. The caloric intake of patients with diabetic nephropathy should be controlled at 125.5-146.5 kJ / kg per kilogram of body weight per day for obese patients with type 2 diabetes. The reasonable distribution of the amount of each energy supply food, the proportion is: the proportion of sugar for the total energy of 60%-70%; fat accounted for 20%-25%; protein accounted for 15%-20%. At the same time limits such as intake of honey, sucrose, sugar and other snacks, can increase the amount of coarse grains.
2. protein intake
The incidence of kidney disease can lead to protein loss, therefore, in order to balance the body in life, we must pay attention to protein intake. For early diabetic nephropathy patients in protein intake and normal people are similar, without special attention, but if there is renal damage, it should immediately limit the intake of protein, while the protein species should be mainly to reduce the intake of animal protein, plant egg white, protein intake control in the daily per kilogram of body weight 0.8 grams.
3. fat intake
After the disease, the patient's body will be gradually consumed, therefore, in life, we should pay attention to the intake of fat. In patients with diabetic nephropathy should reduce the intake of fat, avoid eating cholesterol and fatty acid content of foods, such as nuts, egg yolk, caviar, food cooking methods should be steamed, boiled, stewed, reduce fat intake, daily intake of vegetable oil control below 50 grams.
4. water, electrolyte intake
You also need to keep the water electrolyte balance, should limit salt intake, daily control in 2 to 3 grams; to reduce the amount of urine of patients (less than 1500ml per day) of patients, should also pay attention to monitoring the blood potassium electrolyte levels, according to the test results to adjust the diet or drug.