Does nephrotic syndrome have to give up meat?2018-05-05 15:01
Nephrotic syndrome is more common in adolescents. The main manifestations are: large amounts of proteinuria, hypoproteinemia, hyperlipidemia and edema.
Patients with nephrotic syndrome lose large amounts of protein daily from the urine, which will inevitably cause a lack of protein in the body. If you do not supplement the protein, you will be more and more scarce. To know that protein is the source of life, the lack of protein in the body will not only cause edema, but also cause diseases and life threats. Patients should eat more protein, especially foods rich in high-quality protein, such as milk, eggs, lean meat, chicken, fish and so on. Of course, it is not unlimited to eat protein, long-term excessive intake of protein, not only useless, and will increase the burden of the kidney, leading to aggravated kidney damage.
How much protein is eaten by patients with nephrotic syndrome each day?
One is a nephrotic syndrome patient with normal renal function. Protein intake is 1 gram per kilogram body weight per day, plus the amount lost in urine.
The other is nephrotic syndrome patients with azotemia (blood urea nitrogen, creatinine higher than normal), to properly limit protein intake, about 40 grams of protein eaten daily is appropriate. Should choose high-quality protein, preferred egg and dairy foods, an egg of about 6 grams of protein, a cup of milk (about 200 ml) contains about 6 grams of protein, 50 grams of lean meat contains about 8 grams of protein, chicken with protein than lean Slightly more, while the fish is slightly less. In this way, the daily intake of protein in a nephrotic syndrome patient can be calculated.
It must be pointed out that the human body needs a certain amount of heat to survive every day. Patients with nephrotic syndrome who have azotemia have less protein to eat and must eat more carbohydrates (such as sucrose and glucose) to supplement. Eat vitamin-rich fresh vegetables and fruits.
For nephrotic syndrome patients with edema, should pay attention to salt. Salt-free diet can cause loss of appetite in many patients due to tasteless diet, which affects the intake of protein and calories. The long-term salt-restricted diet is even more difficult for patients to accept. We believe that adequate protein and caloric intake is more important than salt restriction, and there is currently a strong diuretic that can effectively drain sodium. Therefore, the salt-limited diet should be tolerated by patients, do not affect their appetite, intake is generally less than 3 grams per day.