The ＂four misunderstandings＂ of Diabetic nephropathy Diet Co2018-05-07 16:54
Diabetic nephropathy is kidney damage caused by diabetes and is one of the most common and serious complications of diabetes. Diabetic nephropathy has already happened quietly since the day when it was diagnosed. Glycemic control remains critical for diabetic nephropathy patients on the basis of a low-protein diet (except dialysis and transplantation). However, many patients have misunderstandings in their diet when controlling blood sugar.
Misconceptions when using medication: Some patients with diabetic nephropathy mistakenly believe that an increase in diet, take more hypoglycemic drugs can control blood sugar, eat a lot when the appetite is good, and then increase the drug dose on their own. In fact, instead of controlling blood sugar, this will increase the burden on the pancreas, increase the risk of hypoglycemia and side effects of drugs, and is not conducive to disease control.
In order to control blood sugar, some patients claim to eat less or not eat, especially breakfast, and they think that they can stop taking medicine if they do not eat or eat less. In fact, if you don't take the medicine on time, it is easy to cause hypotension before meals. Eating less or not eating can easily lead to excessive intake of the next meal, and the control of blood sugar will not be very good.
Some patients with diabetic nephropathy are using insulin therapy and think that insulin is all right and there is no need to worry about controlling the diet. Therefore, there is no restraint in eating and drinking. In fact, the purpose of using insulin is to regulate and stabilize blood sugar on the basis of diet. If diet is not well controlled, blood sugar will only be more unstable. Only diet and insulin can regulate blood glucose better.
Eating only coarse grains without eating fine grains: Although coarse grains contain more dietary fiber, they have the effects of lowering blood sugar, lowering lipids, and preventing constipation. However, eating too much can increase the burden on the gastrointestinal tract and affect the absorption of nutrients, which can easily lead to malnutrition in the long term. At the same time, the energy contained in coarse grains is as high as that of fine grains, but the protein contained is generally higher than that of fine grains. Excessive intake also increases the burden on the kidneys. Therefore, for the diabetic nephropathy, the best way to match the main food is coarse grains, fine grains and starches are all, can not only eat coarse grains do not eat grain.