Principles of the diet of diabetic nephropathy2017-01-24 14:32
Diabetic nephropathy is a complication of diabetes, its diet to control blood sugar.
Diet:Rising blood sugar, can induce the metabolism of fat and cholesterol disorders, Glomerular. Renal degeneration intimal thickening and hardening of the capillaries, the loss of normal function. The key to controlling blood sugar is strictly limited caloric intake, and second, take hypoglycemic drugs, Wang is to avoid emotional, infections and other factors can cause blood sugar fluctuations.
Limit the intake of potassium and protein:Prone to Ketoacidosis diabetic nephropathy and hyperkalemia, once there, will induce cardiac disorders and hepatic coma, so should be controlling potassium drink c protein, potassium-containing fruit intake should be controlled in the 0.6-0.8 grams per kg body weight per day, and easy to digest fish, lean meat, it is better to plant proteins difficult to absorb, will increase the burden on kidneys. In addition, potassium is high in proteins, control protein potassium intake also helps to limit to a certain extent.
Salt intake should be limited:Reduce load in kidney and diabetic dishes should be as light as possible, the salt intake should be less than 7 grams per day, severe renal failure should also limit the intake of water.
Adequate intake of vitamins, trace elements:Especially b vitamins, vitamin c, calcium, iron and zinc, on renal protective effect. Available 11 international units per day of vitamin e, vitamin c, 0.3 grams a day.
Dietary restrictions:1, white sugar, brown sugar, icing sugar, glucose, maltose, honey, chocolate, butterscotch, fruit, sugar, candied fruit, canned fruit, soft drinks, fruit juices, sweetened beverages, jam, ice cream, cookies, cakes, sweet breads and cakes of sugar, try to eat less.
2, should not drink. Because alcohol contained in the wine does not contain other nutrients only heating, drinking bad for the liver and is also easy to cause an increase in serum triglycerides.
3, less easily elevated blood lipids food, such as butter, Suet, lard, butter, cream, fat and cholesterol-rich foods, special attention should be given, it should be less or use, prevent the occurrence of Arteriosclerotic heart disease.