＂No＂ to diabetic nephropathy prevention notes four2017-01-26 08:39
"No" to diabetic nephropathy prevention notes four
Diabetic nephropathy is one of the most important complications of diabetes mellitus. In our country, the incidence rate is also rising, which has become the second leading cause of end-stage renal disease. Because of its complex metabolic disorder, once the development of end-stage renal disease, often more difficult than the treatment of other renal diseases, so timely prevention and treatment of diabetic nephropathy is significant.
In patients with diabetes, approximately four of the wind, one to 1/3 of type 2 diabetes, and a higher proportion of type 1 diabetes patients, the opportunity to develop diabetic nephropathy. Even some people with type 2 diabetes have been found to have traces of albumin in their urine when they are diagnosed with diabetes. So, how to prevent diabetic nephropathy, diabetic nephropathy, diabetic nephropathy, what are the difficulties?
Understanding of "three errors" in diabetic nephropathy"
Department of Endocrinology doctors, diabetic nephropathy is one of the most important complications of diabetes. In our country, the incidence rate is also rising, which has become the second leading cause of end-stage renal disease. Because of its complex metabolic disorder, once the development of end-stage renal disease, often more difficult than the treatment of other renal diseases, so timely prevention and treatment of diabetic nephropathy is significant. Diabetic nephropathy so many patients with diabetes, 39 Health Network Editor summed up, the prevalence of diabetic nephropathy, the prevalence of "three low", we hope to help prevent diabetic nephropathy.
First, the awareness rate is low, many people do not know that diabetes can cause kidney damage. The presence of kidney disease will increase the original condition of patients with diabetes, and can cause or increase the focus, brain, eye and other important organs damage. Patients tend to wait until the symptoms of edema, foam, urine and other medical treatment, the best time to lose control.
Two, the treatment rate is low, the main cause of diabetic nephropathy or chronic hyperglycemia. However, in clinical practice, many patients with diabetes do not take medicine on time, feel free to add and subtract drugs, even in the "feel good" when the drug withdrawal, delay or aggravate the condition.
Three, the control rate is low, the treatment of diabetic nephropathy is often more difficult than the common kidney disease. The patient's blood sugar, blood pressure, blood lipid treatment is not up to standard, can not adhere to a scientific and rational way of life, will aggravate the kidney damage. Once a large number of proteinuria stage, there will be a progressive decline in renal function.
Five bad habits to improve the prevention of diabetic nephropathy
The occurrence of diabetic nephropathy in the life of many, diabetic nephropathy for kidney damage is also very serious. As a common disease, diabetic nephropathy will affect the life and health of patients. And if people do not pay attention to the prevention of diabetic nephropathy, it may lead to the continued development of the disease in life, when it is very dangerous. Therefore, we must understand the prevention of diabetic nephropathy, in order to be able to live a healthier life. Here is a look at the prevention of diabetic nephropathy.
1, adjust the law of life. Diabetes is a chronic disease, the law of life is very important, in the case of allowing the body to live on time, conducive to sugar metabolism.
2, the prevention of diabetic nephropathy to adhere to the appropriate exercise. Appropriate regular activity is an important means of treating diabetes, can take a variety of activities.
3, diabetic nephropathy in all patients with diabetes for more than 5 years of age, to regularly check the renal function, urinary protein qualitative, quantitative urine protein of 24 hours, and pay attention to the measurement of blood pressure, fundus examination. Therefore, it is one of the ways to prevent diabetic nephropathy.
4, the prevention of diabetic nephropathy, including diet, diet, do not eat too much. Otherwise it may cause the blood sugar, urine sugar great fluctuation, balance of the body, eat greasy and fried foods, eat chicken, fish, lean meat, eat more vegetables, avoid alcohol. In addition, diabetic patients should carry some snacks and sweets when they go out, so as to avoid hypoglycemia.
5, if it is determined to increase the number of micro albumin, and can exclude other factors that cause it to increase, such as urinary tract infections, exercise, essential hypertension, should be highly vigilant. Prevention of diabetic nephropathy should pay attention to efforts to control blood sugar, as close to normal as possible. If the blood pressure of >18.7/12kPa, it should be actively step-down, so that blood pressure in the normal range. At the same time, it should be emphasized that the low salt, low protein diet, with good quality protein.
For diabetic nephropathy to do a good job of prevention, change the above summarized five bad habits, so as not to cause damage to the kidney.