How to do the work of health care for patients with kidney disease2017-05-05 18:50
1, kidney disease patients can eat salt, alkali?
Our normal adult daily intake of salt is about 5 - 6 grams, some areas eat salt per person per day to 12 grams, salt is sodium chloride, alkali, sodium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate of soda, sodium salt eating too much, easy to make the water retention in the body, cause edema, so the renal edema patients should the amount of saline control, each into 2 - 3 grams of salt is a low salt diet. Salt free diet is not scientific, long time easy fatigue, dizziness, etc..
2, kidney patients drinking water should be how much?
Normal urine volume of 2 days - a total of 1 kg, acute nephritis, acute renal failure, oliguria and nephrotic syndrome, chronic renal failure accompanied by oliguria patients, to control the amount of water. Because drink them discharged out, water retention in the body edema, but also easy to increase blood pressure, the water quantity in urine volume 500 ml is appropriate. Urine volume increased after the water can be relaxed. Urine volume of patients with normal water intake is not limited. In addition, patients with urinary tract infections such as acute pyelonephritis, urethritis, cystitis, etc., in addition to timely medical treatment, more water, more urination is very beneficial to the rehabilitation of the disease.
3, kidney patients can eat fish, shrimp, eggs, meat food?
Fish food, some kidney patients consciously do not eat, think it is not good, the kidney in fact, this kind of food quality protein, in allergic diseases such as allergic purpura, purpura nephritis due to suspected protein allergies or fish allergy should be used with caution, usually without taboos of fish, shrimp, eggs, meat is rich in animal protein, human cells, the tissue structure of the main material, is very important to the body, eating food containing protein after liver decomposition, renal excretion, so when kidney function decline, should be appropriate to reduce the amount of protein, which can satisfy the nutritional needs of human metabolism, and increase the burden of kidney principle. Some patients with kidney disease is not serious and dare not eat protein, or the condition requires protein
Sometimes it's not right.
4, chronic kidney disease diet
Patients suffering from chronic kidney disease in the diet should pay attention to the consumption of food with a diuretic effect of kidney protection, such as carrots, wax gourd, tomatoes, oranges, persimmons, dried fruits, etc.. However, patients with severe edema of renal disease should pay attention to the intake of these foods. It contains rich protein, vitamins, trace elements zinc in these foods, improve immunity, so it is very suitable for friends in the spring as a good choice of nourishing kidney.
5, health and healthy body and happy mood
Kidney disease is a friend of the food and health care is on the one hand, there are some people in life, we have to pay attention to some of the details of their friends: like active exercise, enhance physical fitness, enhance their immunity. Time to rest, avoid overwork. To maintain a good mood is the patient's care and health play a major role in the way. In addition, some patients with kidney disease long, slow recovery, often discuss each other, exchange of information, experience. It should be noted that each has its own characteristics, do not imitate each other. At the same time, kidney disease friends should be strengthened on the body of the review, to regularly to the hospital for examination related nephropathy index, timely communicate your current treatment and rehabilitation doctor, so experts provide more timely preventive and improvement methods.
The above is about the principle of health care related to the introduction of nephropathy, I believe we have to understand. Renal health care not only requires the doctor's treatment, but also need to adhere to the patient with kidney disease, while the family members of the active cooperation and supervision is also very necessary.