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Glomerular nephritis overview

2017-03-16 10:54

Glomerulonephritis. Allergic disease occurring in bilateral renal glomeruli.


Glomerulonephritis is a common kidney disease, divided into acute and chronic two kinds. Acute nephritis acute onset, short course, good hair at 4 ~ 14 years old children (such as kindergarten, primary school and other community especially, more men than women). The disease occurs in most cases of streptococcal infection after 2 ~ 3 weeks ago had pharyngitis, tonsillitis and other infections, but the infection degree and whether the parallel relationship between the onset.


The first 40% patients found 90% cases of hematuria and treatment; edema, light see morning eyelid edema, severe edema and systemic. Even in the presence of hydrothorax, ascites, shortness of breath and abdominal distension, some patients have elevated blood pressure and headache, urine testing almost all contain protein (Dan Bainiao).


At present, there is no specific therapy to prevent the occurrence of the disease, focusing on the protection of the body's resistance to disease, to prevent exacerbations. Acute patients need to stay in bed for 4 to 6 weeks, the diet should pay attention to low salt, low protein and appropriate restrictions on drinking water. At the same time with the necessary drug treatment.


Acute nephritis often does not heal, and after 2 ~ 6 weeks or so symptoms can disappear, natural healing rate of up to 90%. A small proportion of patients because of severe damage nephron renal failure or heart failure and death, some persistent chronic, it is very necessary to the periodic review.


Chronic nephritis is more common in young adults aged 20 to 40 years, and the course of disease is long.


The cause of the disease is still not clear, many patients with the etiology of bacteria, viruses, drugs or other substances in the body caused by allergic reactions. The clinical manifestations were proteinuria, hematuria, edema, hypertension and renal damage.


The natural course of chronic nephritis changes very much, some 2 ~ 3 years into the end, there are a considerable number of patients can be more than 10 years to maintain a better renal function. Severe can develop into uremia.


Uremia caused by various reasons caused by the large range of nephron damage, manifested as urinary metabolites including renal dysfunction, a serious disorder of toxic substances and retention in the environment, a great threat to life.


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