To prevent the development of chronic nephritis into uremia2017-01-25 15:23
To prevent the development of chronic nephritis into uremia
A: active treatment of chronic nephritis
The clinical feature of chronic glomerulonephritis is a long course of disease, more than 1 years. Can occur at different ages,
but more young adults. A variety of clinical manifestations, some have no symptoms, some can have obvious edema, abnormal
urine (proteinuria, hematuria, hypertension and tube type), and even the emergence of uremia was discovered.
Common symptoms have different degrees of edema, hematuria, hypertension, and malaise, loss of appetite, dizziness, headache,
lumbago, pale, nausea and vomiting may be serious, diarrhea or gastrointestinal bleeding.
Urine test: visible red blood cell, protein, tube type; blood routine examination: mild anemia; kidney function tests: visible
creatinine clearance decreased, increased serum creatinine, urea nitrogen content.
Due to chronic nephritis is often insidious onset of symptoms in some patients, the time has come to uremia, early diagnosis,
timely treatment, effectively control the proteinuria, hematuria, edema, blood pressure, blood fat, is the effective measures
to prevent the development of chronic glomerulonephritis to uremia. In the treatment of chronic nephritis, two aspects should
1, regular physical examination is very necessary. Such as check urine, blood routine, blood pressure, renal function, renal
ultrasonography. Urine examination is the most simple and reliable method to detect chronic glomerulonephritis.
2, the rational use of drugs, drugs should not be too much, too much, many drugs have a certain degree of nephrotoxicity,
improper use of the opposite.
Two: a reasonable diet
For no obvious edema and hypertension without limiting water and sodium intake, increasing water is very important to increase
the urine volume of mild and moderate azotemia patients do not limit the intake of protein, the body to maintain positive
In particular, the daily loss of protein quality more patients should pay more attention to a large number of proteinuria with
mild nitrogen can increase the quality of protein, such as soybean protein. Appropriate restriction of protein in patients
with severe sepsis or in the near future
High protein diet. High quality protein refers to foods containing essential amino acids, such as eggs, lean meat, fish and
milk, etc.. Eat as little as possible non essential amino acids of plant proteins, such as rice, flour, peanuts, soybeans
And its products, can be part of the use of wheat starch, vegetables (such as pumpkin, sweet potatoes and potatoes) instead of
Summer fruits and vegetable varieties, aroma enticing appetite, but chronic nephritis patients can not eat, to avoid
increasing the burden of kidney. The summer heat, some patients with nephropathy, like ice cream or iced drinks to quench
their thirst. Occasionally for the
But, if the disease is not blindly tanliang. If because of the occurrence of acute enteritis Tanliang will cause disease
recurrence or aggravation, so it should be used with caution in cold drinks. Do not eat sour, overcooked or overnight unclean
food, so as to avoid the occurrence of gastrointestinal diseases,.
Ring recovery. So, in patients with nephropathy is easy to digest and soft delicate nutritious recipes, proper eating lotus,
lotus porridge, lotus leaf porridge, red bean porridge.
In addition, eating a moderate amount of health food is also an effective means to promote balanced nutrition, but do not eat
health food as medicine.
Three: a healthy mind: to maintain a good attitude, and actively adapt to the social development and change, the heart have
1, avoid over exertion, mental stress, overwork, burning the midnight oil pressure test and so on can make the condition
aggravation of chronic nephritis.
2, have good habits, regular life: usually to arrange the rest of life system, participate in appropriate activities,
strengthen physical exercise, but should avoid overwork, reasonable nutrition, enhance physical fitness and body resistance,
pay attention to personal hygiene and cleaning environment, develop good health habits and keep the mood relaxed, strengthen
the consciousness of self health care.
3, to understand their personality, behavior patterns, take an optimistic attitude towards life, to maintain a good mood.
In short: chronic nephritis is not terrible, we have to face the correct attitude, a reasonable diet, proper exercise, and its
examination, personalized treatment. So that the progress of chronic nephritis was delayed, reduce the occurrence of uremia.