The index of key treatment in different stages of kidney dis2018-05-16 14:28
In the early stages of kidney disease, impaired renal function is not obvious, but there will be occult blood and mild proteinuria, indicating that the kidneys have inflammation, and the glomerular filtration membrane is damaged, but it is not serious. Therefore, it is important to eliminate kidney inflammation and control proteinuria. Proteinuria is an independent risk factor that affects kidney function. If the control is not timely, a large loss of protein will lead to increased damage to the kidney, and the disease will only become more and more serious.
The glomerular filtration rate decreased at the beginning of stage 2 of kidney disease, and the function of various aspects of the kidneys decreased. The stage 3 of the kidney developed to the stage of renal insufficiency. At this time, the glomerular filtration rate began to appear between 30-59. Various complications.
Hypertension, one of the factors that independently affect renal function, began to appear. There will still be a lot of proteinuria, so controlling these two factors has a crucial role in protecting kidney function.
For the treatment of hypertension, patients with nephropathy may prefer Primins and Satans antihypertensive drugs, not only long-acting drugs, controlling blood pressure more stable, and have the function of reducing protein and protecting renal function.
In addition, the control of sodium and protein intake in patients with high blood pressure and high levels of proteinuria is also the key to treatment. Reduce salty foods can effectively stabilize blood pressure, and can fully play the role of antihypertensive drugs, high-quality low-protein diet to ensure nutrition while avoiding the situation of leakage of protein.
Four stage of Kidney disease is the stage of kidney failure. Kidney atrophy becomes smaller and renal function cannot be reversed. At this time, if the condition is not well controlled, there will be some serious complications such as hypertension and proteinuria, each of which may be fatal.
Anaemia, hyperphosphatemia, hyperkalemia, metabolic acidosis and other complications are all associated with impaired renal function, leading to disordered metabolism and electrolyte balance.
In addition to eating blood-enriched food, anemia treatment can be used to increase red blood-producing factors, increase hemoglobin, reduce anemia, and avoid anemia. Patients are advised to formulate a reasonable diet plan to ensure the intake of nutrients.
Hyperphosphatemia is mainly caused by the reduction of phosphorus excretion in the body, resulting in increased parathyroid hormone and increased release of bone salts. In addition to excessive phosphorus, it also affects the absorption of calcium, which leads to renal osteodystrophy. By reducing the intake of phosphorus-containing foods, taking calcium-phosphorus binders can reduce this situation; hyperkalemia is also caused by electrolyte imbalance, reducing food intake with potassium, potassium can also be used with some diuretics, but pay attention to the protection of kidney function. Besides, replacing the potassium with high potassium can also reduce the concentration of blood potassium. High levels of potassium can cause heart disease, severe and even cardiac arrest, so pay attention to monitoring blood potassium levels.