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The causes of nephrotic syndrome2017-06-21 11:17
Nephrotic syndrome, also known as kidney disease, is due to various causes of glomerular permeability increased, so that a large number of plasma protein leakage to the urine, which appeared in the urine of a large number of protein, but nephrotic syndrome is not unfamiliar Of the disease, and now many factors in life are caused by nephrotic syndrome.
Drugs or poisoning, allergies: organic or inorganic mercury, organic gold and silver, penicillamine, diacetimorphine, probenecid, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, trimethoprim and other drugs; bee sting, snake venom; pollen, Antitoxin and other allergies.
Infection: bacterial infection, seen after streptococcal nephritis, bacterial endocarditis, shunt nephritis, leprosy, syphilis, tuberculosis, chronic pyelonephritis with reflux kidney disease; virus infection found in hepatitis B, cytomegalovirus, infection Sexual mononucleosis, human immunodeficiency virus; parasitic infections seen in the parasite, toxoplasmosis, worms, schistosomiasis, filariasis.
Systemic diseases: systemic lupus erythematosus, mixed connective tissue disease, dermatomyositis, Sjogren syndrome, allergic purpura, amyloidosis and so on.
Malignant tumors: a variety of malignant tumors can cause nephrotic syndrome, and even nephrotic syndrome for early clinical manifestations. Such as breast cancer, lung cancer, stomach cancer, colon cancer and lymphoproliferative diseases can often occur nephrotic syndrome.
Metabolic diseases: diabetes, thyroid disease.
Hereditary diseases: congenital nephrotic syndrome, sickle cell anemia, nail - pathe syndrome, fat malnutrition, familial kidney and so on.
Diabetic nephropathy: more than 10 years of diabetes in patients, especially diabetes and not satisfied with the control. There are a lot of proteinuria and nephrotic syndrome, fundus examination more than the existence of micro-aneurysm, early kidney volume increases, renal plasma flow and glomerular filtration rate increased or normal, late renal dysfunction. Many patients with nephrotic syndrome tracing suffering from nephrotic syndrome, the cause of the results are tiny kidney disease.
Purpura nephritis: occur in young people, clinical manifestations of nephrotic syndrome, renal manifestations of the main limbs distal purpura, abdominal pain, joint pain and so on.
Systemic lupus erythematosus: lupus nephritis more common in 20 to 40 years old women, of which 20 percent to 50 percent of the clinical manifestations of nephrotic syndrome. Patients with fever, rash and joint pain, especially facial butterfly erythema has diagnostic value.
Secondary nephrotic syndrome: infection, drugs (mercury, organic gold, penicillamine and heroin, etc.), toxins and allergies, tumors (lung, stomach, colon, breast solid tumors and lymphoma, etc.), systemic lupus erythematosus, Allergic purpura amyloidosis and diabetes. One third of adult nephrotic syndrome and 10 per cent of children can be caused by secondary factors.
The above is about the etiology of nephrotic syndrome, I believe we all understand, if you have other questions, you can consult our online doctor or give us a message, we will reply to you as soon as possible.