Nephrotic syndrome in the diet to pay attention to what? Wha2017-01-24 11:42
Nephrotic syndrome in the diet to pay attention to what? What principles do you have?
Nephrotic syndrome (NS) may be caused by a variety of causes, the glomerular basement membrane permeability increased, manifested as proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia, edema, hyperlipidemia is a clinical syndrome.
The recovery, improvement and cure of nephrotic syndrome are closely related to the diet of the patients. So, nephrotic syndrome diet should pay attention to which four points? And what are the principles of eating? Now, let's take a look.
Nephrotic syndrome diet should pay attention to four points
1, sodium salt and water intake: limit sodium salt to eliminate edema is of great significance. Can give salt or low salt diet should be tolerated, the appetite is not affected by the premise. 2 to 3 grams per day should be reasonable. Water restrictions do not have to be too strict, such as severe edema, must limit the intake of water.
2, protein intake: nephrotic syndrome patients, a large number of proteins lost from the urine, should be added. High quality protein, such as milk, eggs, fish and meat, but it must be noted that excessive protein intake is not particularly helpful.
3, the appropriate vitamin supplement, potassium salt, calcium salt, it is very necessary to supplement calcium and vitamin D, while the supply of vitamin rich fruits and vegetables.
4, nephrotic syndrome patients with high blood lipids, should limit the intake of animal fat, food should be rich in soluble fiber, help to reduce blood lipids.
Dietary principles of nephrotic syndrome
1, such as blood potassium is too high, it is necessary to limit the food containing high potassium. If there are leafy vegetables, fruits, fruit juice. Hyperkalemia can lead to cardiac arrest.
2, special patients take a special diet. The treatment of nephrotic syndrome in hospital experts said, kidney patients should be emphasized, diet disorders include acute and chronic nephritis, nephrotic syndrome; diabetic nephropathy; uric acid nephropathy; urinary calculi; chronic renal failure; acute renal failure.
3, the presence of water sodium retention, edema, should limit intake of water and salt, especially the emergence of heart failure, severe hypertension should be strictly limited, even take the salt free diet. To correct heart failure, blood pressure and then restore the original diet.
4, to ensure adequate heat, especially in the growth stage of children, adolescents. If in order to limit the protein, or sugar and affect the intake of calories, will affect the growth and development of children, malnutrition and other changes. For patients with chronic renal failure, to ensure adequate heat is particularly critical. For obese patients with diabetic nephropathy, attention should be paid to calorie intake.
5, asymptomatic proteinuria or hematuria, or the recovery of various types of kidney disease, do not need to deliberately limit the diet, just the right amount of protein, or salt intake can be. The treatment of nephrotic syndrome in hospital experts pointed out that patients with renal dysfunction should be limited to protein, reduce the intake of protein, such as poultry, seafood, soy products, help to reduce renal pressure, thereby protecting the kidney. However, the protein can not be reduced too little, or even malnutrition. Nutritionists often consider and advise the proportion of food to be taken by the patient.
The above is about the diet principle and the matters needing attention of nephrotic syndrome, and it plays an important role in the treatment of nephrotic syndrome.