What is commonly used diuretics in the treatment of nephroti2017-01-24 15:54
What is commonly used diuretics in the treatment of nephrotic syndrome
Nephrotic syndrome is caused by a variety of causes of clinical syndrome, its typical clinical manifestations of "three high and one low", namely high altitude proteinuria, edema, hypoproteinemia and hyperlipidemia. The use of diuretics is mainly in order to increase the excretion of urine in patients to take away more moisture in the body tissue, so as to achieve the purpose of reducing the symptoms of patients with edema, control the patient's condition.
Nephrotic syndrome is caused by a variety of causes of clinical syndrome, its typical clinical manifestations of "three high and one low", "three high" refers to the high height edema and proteinuria, hyperlipidemia, "low" refers to hypoproteinemia. In addition to these four typical manifestations can also be accompanied by other metabolic disorders, timely symptomatic treatment, to reduce the symptoms of patients.
High edema is one of the characteristics of nephrotic syndrome, in order to alleviate the symptoms, the clinical use of diuretics, diuretic control of patients with edema, protect the renal function of patients.
The main cause of edema in nephrotic syndrome is related to the decrease of plasma colloid osmotic pressure caused by hypoproteinemia. Under normal circumstances, the osmotic pressure of tissue fluid and plasma osmotic pressure balance. When the body produce less protein in patients with hypoproteinemia, decrease plasma colloid osmotic pressure, then the water will be too much with the organization to cause tissue edema exudation.
Edema caused by nephrotic syndrome is often controlled by the use of diuretics. Clinical commonly used diuretics including thiazide diuretics, potassium retention diuretic, diuretics and osmotic diuretic four types, which is suitable for different patients. Thiazide diuretics, mainly through the inhibition of sodium and chloride reabsorption, increase the excretion of potassium in order to eliminate the role of diuresis. In addition, diuretics should be used to prevent hypokalemia in patients before use.
In summary, nephrotic syndrome commonly used diuretics are pided into four types, mainly in order to increase the excretion of urine away in human tissue more than water, so as to alleviate edema in patients with symptoms, patients to control. Different patients due to the severity of the disease and their physical condition is not the same, the application of diuretics are not the same, should be based on the specific circumstances of the patient to choose.