General diet principle in uremic patients undergoing renal d2017-10-29 13:51
In the long process of dialysis treatment, the residual toxins accumulate in the body, the patient will appear abdominal distension, nausea, vomiting and loss of appetite and other gastrointestinal symptoms, to reduce consumption; loss of dialysis process will also part of nutrients. Therefore, hemodialysis for patients are prone to appear malnutrition, mainly due to protein deficiency in body.
Malnutrition can easily lead to many complications, such as infection, dialysis hypotension, refractory edema and anemia; in addition, the unreasonable diet will increase the retention of water and sodium, hyperkalemia, seriously endanger the life safety.
Strict control of cholesterol and fat intake, uremic dialysis patients in daily diet, the daily intake of fat should be between 1.3 grams to 1.7 grams, and as little as possible edible animal fat.
Strictly control the intake of high potassium foods, which is directed at uremia patients with fewer dialysis times. Such patients should strictly control the intake of high potassium foods, such as bananas, pears and so on.
Strict control of sodium intake, sodium intake will lead to weight gain during dialysis period, hypertension, congestive heart failure, edema, so strictly limit the intake of sodium salt. Foods rich in sodium salt have raw food, filling food and so on.
To supplement protein and calories, uremia patients will lose a large amount of amino acids and proteins during dialysis, so they should be supplemented in time to ensure the healthy operation of the body. In the choice of protein should be selected high quality protein, such as eggs, lean meat, fish, vegetable protein is not selected, beans and bean products, because the plant protein containing amino acids is not necessary, after eating will increase the burden on the kidneys.
Vitamin supplementation, uremia patients in dialysis treatment, the loss of a large number of vitamins, such as vitamin B1, vitamin B2, folic acid.
Calcium, zinc, iron and other mineral elements, uremia patients should be timely supplement of calcium, zinc, iron and other mineral elements in the finished dialysis, the following is containing mineral elements in food, for uremic patients and their families: black carp, milk, shrimp, seaweed, black fungus, chicken eggs, sesame etc..