Diet therapy of chronic renal insufficiency patients, the pr2017-01-24 15:23
1, kidney disease patients how to eat vegetables, fruits?
Kidney patients, if the normal urine volume, urine and renal failure, should eat more vegetables, fruits, in order to provide adequate vitamin. Reduce the amount of urine
In particular, less than 500 ml per day, it is necessary to selectively eat vegetables and fruits. Because vegetables, fruits, generally rich in potassium, and kidney oliguria
The potassium content in serum increased. Potassium is too high, can lead to cardiac arrest, life-threatening. ?
Vegetables, fruits, grains are potassium rich foods, including higher potassium fruit is watermelon, banana, pineapple, mango, jujube, muskmelon; potassium in vegetables
High amaranth, spinach, celery, carrots, bamboo shoots, potato etc.. Kidney patients should be fed less urine, if the use of diuretics, blood potassium
Low, you can eat, especially fresh fruit juice rich in potassium, can be used as an oral potassium supplement. ?
Cantaloupe are rich in potassium, containing about 250 mg of potassium per 100 grams of meat in melon. Potassium content in the body is too high, can promote heart disease, heart
Slow motion, conduction block, endanger life. Renal failure, glomerular filtration rate decreased, renal tubular function, potassium metabolism disorder, but not in time
Excess potassium is excreted in the body, leading to hyperkalemia. Therefore, patients with renal failure, should not eat melon.
2, how to limit the intake of salt in patients with nephropathy
No matter what kind of kidney disease, as long as there is edema, it is necessary to limit the intake of salt. Edema, should be limited to 1 grams a day, even without salt requirement
Diet. To reduce the amount of urine protein, edema, salt can be increased, but should not be more than 5 grams per day. The purpose of a low salt diet is to reduce water,
Sodium retention, edema and blood pressure decline. ?
Daily 1 ~ 2 grams of salt (small toothpaste cover is filled with about a total of about 1 grams), do not have to put in the dish, because put into the dish is also basically tasteless, to change the eating method. Can in the morning
Sweets; noon to 1 grams of salt in a small dish, with a dip to eat vegetables. So, 1 of the total intake unchanged, but can taste salty, can stimulate the appetite. But pay attention to,
A low salt diet, can not eat pickles, pickled cabbage, mustard, salty bread, Deep-Fried Dough Sticks, also cannot eat seaweed, rape, spinach, fennel, celery, lily, radish
Etc.. Because these foods contain sodium per 100g in high volume. Eat more of these foods, it is equal to increase the amount of salt. ?
3, renal failure patients should not eat what sea (water) products?
Chronic nephritis due to the loss of more protein in urine, renal function is still good, non protein nitrogen concentration in the blood is not high, can add a lot of protein. When renal function is not complete
When accompanied by a decrease in urine volume, it is not appropriate to eat high protein foods, otherwise, will occur after eating uremia. Therefore, the higher protein content of sea (water) products
, such as sea cucumber, fish, fish, yellow croaker, Le tiger, mandarin fish should not eat. ?
4, uremia patients how to arrange three meals a day diet?
(1) the main non-staple food breakfast: use fresh milk 100 ml plus 50 grams of sugar, starch or add sugar boiling water in a bowl, or starch biscuit pieces or fried
A small amount of potatoes, or an egg. May be appropriate to add lotus seeds, dates, etc.. Some people love to add some raisins, roasted sweet potato, chicken, roast potatoes can also be. ?
(2) lunch staple food: can choose wheat starch, Steamed Buns cake, Boiled dumplings, steamed buns, wonton. ?
(3) dinner staple: choose the same staple food as lunch. ?
5, limit protein intake. This is quite a contradiction. Protein is the most important nutrient for children's growth and development
The system is not conducive to growth. Therefore, according to the clinical symptoms, as well as the level of blood urea nitrogen to grasp the opportunity. Restriction of protein intake is mainly restricted by
Protein (biological price). High quality animal protein should be supplied. Moderate decline in renal function per kilogram of body weight 1 to 2 grams of protein (normal children need
To 3 ~ 2 grams is appropriate. Patients with severe renal insufficiency were given 0.6 to 1 grams per kilogram of body weight per day.