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What are the symptoms of kidney transplantation, acute and chronic rejection?

2017-11-02 17:17

If the development of chronic kidney disease to uremia, drug therapy, only dialysis or renal transplantation in order to save lives, only dialysis can remove some toxin produced by long-term dialysis can cause a series of complications, and long-term can not be divorced from the hospital.

What are the symptoms of kidney transplantation, acute and chronic rejection?

The kidney transplantation for patients implanted a healthy kidney, systemic complications after surgery can completely correct uremia and end-stage renal disease, can return to the society, and the quality of life of ordinary people, this is a uremic patient by the desire, but less than the cost of long-term dialysis.

The symptoms of renal transplantation include proteinuria, hypertension, oliguria, interstitial edema, tubular necrosis, non urine, hematuria.

Acute rejection:

The diagnosis of acute rejection is sometimes very difficult and difficult to distinguish from other conditions, especially when infection occurs, the treatment principle is very different, and must be identified in time. Surgery after acute tubular necrosis occurred in early anuria or oliguria associated with renal ischemia, such as renal warm ischemia, reperfusion is improper, save time is too long; or by urography or angiography due to renal biopsy, often need to identify, for renal interstitial edema, focal ischemia extensive renal tubular degeneration and necrosis.

Chronic rejection:

In June ~ 1 years after operation, lasting consequences, humoral immunity and cellular immunity, which has the characteristics of two kinds of immune, often with the former mainly because of early postoperative rejection treatment is not complete, or recurrent acute rejection caused by, often occult. The clinical manifestations included progressive hypertension, proteinuria, progressive narrowing of the graft, hypofunction, hematuria, oliguria, serum creatinine, urea nitrogen, endogenous creatinine clearance, and decreased hemoglobin.

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