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Chronic renal insufficiency symptoms and stages

2017-01-24 15:25

Chronic renal failure is caused by a variety of reasons, the serious destruction of the kidney, so that the body in the excretion of metabolic waste and water electrolyte, acid-base balance, etc.
Post clinical syndrome. Renal insufficiency can be pided into acute renal insufficiency and chronic renal insufficiency
Serious, is one of the main diseases threatening life.
Chronic renal insufficiency can be pided into four periods, each has a corresponding symptoms:
First stage, renal functional reserve. Because of the great capacity of renal reserve, the renal function has been reduced, but the excretion of metabolites and regulation
Balance of water and electrolyte can still meet the normal needs, the symptoms are not clinically, kidney function tests in the normal range or occasionally slightly high phenomenon.
Two stage, renal insufficiency. There is a lot of damage to the glomerulus, 60%-75%, renal excretion of metabolic waste has been an obstacle, creatinine urea nitrogen may be high or super
Out of the normal value. The patient may have anemia, fatigue, weakness, weight loss, and difficulty concentrating. But often overlooked, if there is dehydration, infection, bleeding, etc.
Shape, it will soon appear obvious symptoms.
Three stage, renal failure. Renal function has been very serious damage, 75%-95%, can not maintain the body's internal environment is stable, easy fatigue, fatigue, attention
The symptoms such as the concentration of force can not be increased, anemia obvious, nocturia increased, serum creatinine, urea nitrogen increased significantly, and often acidosis. This period is also known as the period of endotoxemia.
Four stage, uremia stage or end stage of renal insufficiency. This period of glomerular damage has exceeded 95%, has serious clinical symptoms, such as severe nausea, vomiting, oliguria, floating
Swollen, malignant hypertension, severe anemia, skin itching, mouth and urine etc..

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