How to prevent (end-stage of kiney failure)uremia?2017-05-05 19:00
As a result of the disease caused serious damage to the kidney, kidney lesions and loss of blood purification function, waste and liquid will accumulate in the body. The human body will produce a variety of symptoms, namely uremia. Causes of uremia: chronic glomerulonephritis, chronic pyelonephritis, renal tuberculosis, renal arteriolar sclerosis, urinary tract stones, prostatic hypertrophy, bladder cancer, lupus, diabetes, etc..
Uremia gastrointestinal symptoms appeared, with anorexia, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea, mouth odor of ammonia, also often gum inflammation, oral mucosal ulceration bleeding. The nervous system may have insomnia, irritability, numbness of limbs, burning, late drowsiness and even convulsions, coma. The cardiovascular system can appear hypertension and pericarditis and heart failure caused by precordial pain, palpitations, shortness of breath, abdominal pain, edema, Bu - not supine etc.. Anemia and mucosal bleeding can occur in the blood system. Respiratory system can be caused by pneumonia and pleurisy cough, chest pain. Uremia is a very dangerous disease, if not timely treatment often life-threatening.
Uremia is a deadly disease, but it is not without medicine. For patients without predisposing factors, renal function can not be considered, dialysis treatment can be considered. Dialysis therapy consists of three kinds of oral, peritoneal and hemodialysis (artificial kidney). In recent years, due to the widespread application of dialysis therapy, so that patients with advanced uremia for 5 years to survive and maintain a certain number of labor. Therefore, dialysis therapy is one of the effective methods for the treatment of advanced uremia.
Uremia patients should ensure adequate rest and good nutrition, do not engage in activities beyond strength and power.
Avoid chemicals that damage the kidneys
To avoid the use of cadmium, chloroform, ethylene glycol and four vinyl chloride products and environment. They are commonly found in pesticides, automotive exhaust, paints, buildings and household cleaners.
Limit the amount of food with high picks
Some chemical elements have been found to be associated with acute and chronic kidney disease in general household products, as long as you read the instructions carefully and take some preventive measures to avoid these harmful substances.
Cadmium: this rare metal is used in the production of pesticides, rubber tires and plastics, coatings and other products. The industrial use of cadmium is very wide, has a large scale in some food and water. The following points should be paid attention to
Limit the intake of high content of cadmium in food, such as liver and kidney made of animal food, fish, mussels, oysters, oysters and Scallop in Shell grown in sludge in vegetables.
To ensure the use of paint and coating technology, dyes, sodium and cadmium free.
Do not use antique cooking utensils, because they are coated with cadmium containing pigments.
Smoking is harmful to the kidney.
Low protein diet
In uremic patients should be given a low protein diet, normal adults need the amount of protein per kilogram of body weight 1 - 1.5 grams, 0.5 grams of uremic patients can only eat / kg, to reduce production in vivo and retention of nitrogen metabolites.
Egg milk food
Due to the small amount of protein intake, we should try to choose a higher nutritional value of eggs, milk and other animal protein food, and less soy products such as vegetable protein.
Provide the right amount of water.
Health medicated diet
Glutinous rice Astragalus tea
Take 60 grams of glutinous rice, raw Astragalus grams of 15 grams, light bamboo leaves of 30 grams, water decoction drink, about 10 agents, can be effective. Usually eat a lot of peeled radish, this disease is also of great benefit (refer to the therapeutic side of nephritis).
Risk for hearing
If you have the following symptoms, please seek medical attention as soon as possible:
* anorexia, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
* taste in the mouth, the gums are often inflamed, oral ulcers, bleeding, etc..
* insomnia, irritability, numbness of limbs burning, drowsiness and even convulsions, coma.
* hypertension caused by pericarditis and heart failure and the precordial pain, palpitation, shortness of breath, abdominal pain, edema, and other symptoms could not lie down.