How to prevent hyperkalemia in hemodialysis?2017-11-08 17:18
Symptoms of hyperkalemia before dialysis:
Muscle weakness and paralysis symptoms, such as general weakness, finger numbness, numbness of the lips, fatigue, tongue stiffness, difficulty speaking and other symptoms, high blood potassium can easily lead to irregular heartbeat, severe case can cause cardiac arrest and lead to death, so be careful to avoid foods contain high potassium. If there is the above discomfort, please go to the hospital as soon as possible.
Prevention of hyperkalemia in dialysis patients is as follows:
Don’t eat low sodium salt, thin salt or salt-free soy sauce, because potassium content of these is high.
Potassium soluble in water, cook vegetables, cut up first and then soaked in water for 30 minutes, and change the water, boiling more than 5 minutes with hot water, and then cooking, can remove some of the potassium content.
High potassium fruits such as: Hami melon, peaches, kiwi, bananas, dates, pomegranates, oranges, mango, persimmon, try not to choose such fruits to eat.
Low potassium content of fruits such as: pineapple, lotus, watermelon, dragon fruit, cherry tomato, pear, white grapefruit, lemon, apple, you can try to eat such fruits (about 50- 100 g).
Take less coffee, tea, sports drinks, cola, fruit juice, cocoa, plum juice, eat less chocolate, tomato sauce and other high-potassium foods.
Take less soup such as soup, hot pot soup, chicken soup, vegetable soup, broth, fish soup, torture medicine, canned soup, beef extract, ginseng fine.
Dried mushrooms, dried fish category, eat less dry vegetables.
Eat less snacks like figs, dried fruit, raisins, prunes, dried dates, dried apricots, nuts, lettuce salad.
Can not eat carambola, carambola easily lead to arrhythmia, and carambola contains some neurotoxin, will cause hiccups, severe unconscious, coma and so on in dialysis patients after eating.