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How to reduce the side effects of using hormones2017-05-09 09:52
Nephrotic syndrome is a clinical syndrome characterized by massive proteinuria, hypoproteinemia, hyperlipidemia and edema. At present, the cause of the disease is not very clear, but many experts believe that the relationship may be more closely related to allergies. Therefore, the adrenal cortex hormone has become the first choice of medicine at home and abroad. However, due to the large amount of hormone used in the treatment of kidney disease, long time, it is prone to more side effects and complications. Therefore, in the whole hormone treatment period, should strengthen the patient care. The clinical experience of many of the confirmed, actively carry out the work in the following three aspects, can significantly reduce the side effects and complications, and can guarantee that hormone therapy is not interrupted, so as to improve the cure rate, reduce the recurrence rate.
Prevent respiratory infection
Upper respiratory tract infection is a common disease, is the main cause of hormone therapy interruption and recurrence of kidney disease, therefore, should be on the prevention of upper respiratory tract infection in an important position. The key link is to strengthen prevention, timely change of clothing with the change of the weather; as little as possible with or without the patients go to crowded places; to prevent heatstroke, cold and cross infection; keep the indoor air fresh and circulation, maintain appropriate temperature and humidity.
Prevent skin and mouth infections
Due to the use of hormones can make the body's resistance and immunity to decline, and thus the skin damage or oral unclean, patients with good infection. In this regard, one should pay attention to allow patients to bathe, wash their hands and feet, to keep the skin clean; two patients in the bath should not be too hard, to prevent skin abrasions, and prevent the knife, scissors and other sharp instruments to skin damage; three is to pay attention to oral hygiene, do mouthwash (including meals and medication with warm boiling water gargle) and daily brushing 2 to 3 times; the four is frequently check oral, once found oral inflammation or ulcer, should promptly use boric acid or compound borax solution mouthwash, and available smecta and Yunnan Baiyao coated oral ulcer, to promote ulcer healing as soon as possible. If their own family or lack of experience, or no such drugs, should promptly go to the hospital department of Stomatology treatment.
Prevent excessive fatigue
For patients with stable renal disease, they should be encouraged to go out activities, because it is conducive to the prevention of high blood coagulation side effects and complications of osteoporosis. However, it should be noted that the activities must not be excessive, so as not to cause fatigue and induced kidney disease. Many experts advocate that the patient must be guaranteed sleep at night, not less than 8 hours per day (children should be maintained for 8 ~ 10 hours), during the day to have a nap, no less than 0. 5 ~ 1 hours. If the patient is tired or tired after the activity, should be in bed, in order to relieve fatigue. In addition, daily diet must be low salt, the amount of protein and calories, and encourage patients to eat more fruits and vegetables, drink soup and meat soup, to enhance the patient's physical strength and energy through the reasonable diet, it can effectively alleviate the symptoms of fatigue and fatigue, and enhance the defense ability of patients.
Nephrotic syndrome is a chronic disease, although the drug treatment is an important means, but good care is also an essential important work. As long as proper care, not only can reduce the side effects and complications caused by long-term, a large number of drugs, but also can effectively improve the cure rate of the disease. Kidney disease patients and their families must not ignore this point.