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What are the complications of nephrotic syndrome

2017-05-09 18:35

Many patients with kidney disease are not aware of the severity of their disease, often because of lack of knowledge of kidney disease and ignore treatment. Then, nephrotic syndrome is a kind of what kind of disease? What are the complications of nephrotic syndrome? Nephrotic syndrome is a complication of what harm? Below we please Ji'nan kidney disease hospital experts to introduce.

Ji'nan kidney hospital experts said, nephrotic syndrome is a group of clinical symptoms, including a large number of proteinuria, hypoproteinemia, hyperlipidemia and edema. Clinical features of three high and one low, namely proteinuria (> 3.5g/d), edema, hyperlipidemia, low plasma protein (30g/L). In severe cases, there will be serous cavity effusion. Experts point out that the common complications of nephrotic syndrome:

1, infection: due to a large number of immunoglobulin in the urine loss, plasma protein, affecting the formation of antibodies. Adrenal cortex hormone and the application of toxic drugs, so that patients with systemic resistance to decline, prone to infection, such as skin infections, primary peritonitis, respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infections, and even induce sepsis.

2, acute renal failure, nephrotic syndrome patients because of massive proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia and hyperlipidemia, body is in a low blood volume and hypercoagulable state of vomiting, diarrhea, area of use of anti hypertension drugs and the plenty of diuresis, can decrease the renal blood perfusion decreased abruptly, and the glomerular filtration rate reduce, cause acute renal failure. In addition, nephrotic syndrome, renal interstitial edema, protein concentration, the formation of tubular blockage of renal tubules and other factors, can also cause acute renal failure.

3, coronary heart disease: nephrotic syndrome patients often have hyperlipidemia and high blood coagulation state, so prone to coronary heart disease. It has been reported that the incidence of myocardial infarction in patients with nephrotic syndrome is 8 times higher than that in normal subjects.

4, thrombosis: nephrotic syndrome patients prone to thrombosis, especially the incidence of membranous nephropathy of up to 25% ~ 40%. The causes of thrombus are edema, patient activity, venous stasis, high blood lipids, blood viscosity increased, the concentration of fibrinogen and high content of V, x, VII and VIII factor increases and the use of adrenal cortical hormone and prone to blood hypercoagulability.

5, electrolyte and metabolic disorders: repeated use of diuretics or long-term unreasonable no salt, can make comprehensive secondary hyponatremia patients with nephropathy; use of adrenal cortical hormone and diuretics lead to a large number of micturition, if not timely supplement of potassium, prone to hypokalemia.

Ji'nan kidney hospital experts tips: nephrotic syndrome patients without active treatment or improper treatment, will cause more or even life-threatening complications. In fact, nephrotic syndrome is not terrible, terrible is that patients do not pay attention to. If you still do not understand what, you can also consult our online experts or call my kidney hospital hotline 0531-55691122 for consultation, the experts will give you a detailed answer. Finally, I wish you a speedy recovery.

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