Hypertensive nephropathy diet guidance:2017-01-25 16:37
Hypertensive nephropathy diet guidance:
Many diseases are associated with dietary nutrition, hypertension and kidney disease is no exception. "Medicine food homology, food by medicine, medicine to help feed, medicine and food with each other, complement each other," said the drug with the correct diet of the two complement each other dialectical relationship. Therefore, for the treatment of hypertension, diet is also an important aspect. First of all, to change the diet structure, reasonable allocation, is the cornerstone of prevention and treatment of hypertensive nephropathy. Some people suffer from high blood pressure kidney disease, this does not dare to eat, that can not eat, make oneself very painful. In fact, a lot of things have been able to eat a lot of hypertensive nephropathy, but to eat reasonable". Reasonable diet of hypertensive nephropathy has the following principles.
Many studies have shown that a light salt, a person if the excessive intake of salt, easy to get hypertension nephropathy. Why is the relationship between hypertensive nephropathy and salt? There may be several reasons: one is the food we eat, the main component of salt is sodium chloride, sodium retention, moisture will increase, leading to heart burden increase, the pressure will increase the cardiovascular wall, which is easy to damage the vascular intima; on the other hand, too much salt can make blood vessels inside cell penetration increased, causing vascular wall swelling, vascular cavity decreases, blood pressure is increased; there is too much salt, but also changed the rules of "blood pressure high in daytime and low at night", which may be a risk factor for stroke in elderly patients with hypertensive nephropathy. Therefore, usually do not eat too much salt, high blood pressure nephropathy, salt consumption is more to control. Daily salt intake should be less than 6 grams. The diet should be light, try to cook food steamed and boiled, fried, fried to eat. The oil amount suitable for everyone every day not more than half (25 grams).
Do not drink too much alcohol is closely related to hypertension and kidney disease. We generally do not advocate drinking wine with high accuracy, the relationship between alcohol and cardiovascular disease is bidirectional -- low dose of alcohol can be a vasodilator vascular, high doses of alcohol can cause vasoconstriction caused by elevated blood pressure.
Reasonable intake of mineral potassium is closely related to hypertensive nephropathy. Potassium in vegetables, fruits, which is relatively high content, if in the life of potassium to eat more rich, it is also conducive to lowering blood pressure, is conducive to the usual sodium excretion. There are calcium and magnesium, if the food is rich, but also conducive to lowering blood pressure.
Distinguish between "good" and "bad" fatty acid fatty acids are pided into saturated fatty acids and unsaturated fatty acids, unsaturated fatty acids are pided into monounsaturated fatty acids and polyunsaturated fatty acids. Polyunsaturated fatty acids, which are essential for human growth and health, cannot be synthesized by themselves. They are called essential fatty acids, including Omega -6 linoleic acid and omega -3 alpha linoleic acid (two). Saturated fatty acids play a role in blood pressure, which is not good for patients with hypertensive nephropathy. At present, monounsaturated fatty acids are advocated, not only help to lower blood pressure, but also can reduce low-density lipoprotein, high density lipoprotein. Omega -6 linoleic acid is usually eaten in oil linoleic acid, it has the role of regulating blood pressure, the disadvantage is that when low-density lipoprotein lowering, but also to reduce high-density lipoprotein. Omega -3 alpha - linoleic acid has antithrombotic effect, which is now considered to be helpful for patients with hypertensive nephropathy, especially in the elderly, which can be appropriately increased. There is a trans fatty acids, cardiovascular harm may be more serious than saturated fatty acids, so we had better eat some trans fatty acids. So what foods have trans fatty acids? The most typical is the margarine, and usually eat cake, egg tart, croissants and other pastries he. Margarine is hydrogenated vegetable oil, is a typical trans fatty acids, these things to eat less.
Protein, dietary fiber can not be less in patients with hypertensive nephropathy without severe renal dysfunction complications, protein is not small, and some of the amino acids in the protein may also regulate blood pressure. Dietary fiber is helpful to hypertensive nephropathy, can reduce the absorption of intestinal fat, is conducive to weight control, but also help to regulate blood pressure and improve insulin resistance.
Life in the heart of health care:
Life to ensure adequate sleep, when necessary, can be used sedative hypnotic drugs, such as diazepam, chlordiazepoxide, estazolam, smoking, drinking, try to avoid heavy manual labor, mild patients, proper physical exercise is beneficial. Such as walking, gymnastics, etc., with no sense of fatigue. Critically ill patients should be restricted to exercise.
Adjust the psychological state, the modern social competition, many people due to work pressure is too large, the psychological state of imbalance, resulting in sympathetic nervous excitement, tachycardia. Long term fast heartbeat, cardiovascular disease incidence increased heart rate increased linearly. For example, you go to catch the train, one minutes to go, you carry the big box, the heart that a hurry to catch up, sweating. A two time can also, if a person all day to catch the train, can bear it? Cannot bear sth。 In a recent survey in China, there is a worrying phenomenon: 35 ~ 44 years old suffering from high blood pressure growth rate of up to 62% ~ 74%, while the age of only 15% ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 65 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ only 74 ~ 18%. This part of the middle-aged people, many of whom are white-collar workers or cadres, they are in a long-term sympathetic activation. So to adjust the psychological, not to lead to high pressure induced hypertension.
Target blood pressure: 130/80mmHg, such as urine protein greater than 1 g / day, the blood pressure should be controlled at 125/75mmHg