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Hypertensive patients beware of kidney disease!

2017-05-30 09:16

It is difficult to treat symptoms of renal damage caused by hypertension, especially when it develops to the stage of uremia, the condition is more difficult to reverse. Therefore, hypertensive patients should pay attention to protect the kidney while actively treating hypertension.

Long term blood pressure increases, the small arteries of the kidneys will harden and narrow, leading to kidney ischemia, destruction of renal units, over time, gradually affecting the function of the kidneys. Renal damage caused by hypertension is often very subtle and slow progression, no obvious symptoms of urinary system, easily overlooked. When the renal function starts to decline, there is the phenomenon of polyuria and nocturia, and it is an important signal to pay attention to the increase of nocturia. Urine tests revealed small amounts of proteins, erythrocytes, and casts. Decreased urine gravity, indicating that the kidney's concentration of urine has diminished. When the renal function declines further, the urine volume decreases, and there is a large amount of protein, red blood cell and tubular type in the urine. Finally, the renal function is seriously impaired and uremia occurs and endangers life.

First of all, hypertensive patients should be under the guidance of doctors adhere to treatment, so that blood pressure in 24 hours a day, 365 days a year can be controlled at normal levels.

Second, hypertensive patients should undergo routine urine routine examinations and draw blood for renal function tests to see if there is any kidney damage.

Three, hypertensive patients must quit smoking, because smoking not only causes vasoconstriction, elevated blood pressure, but also reduces blood flow to the kidneys.

Four patients with hypertension, diet should be light, to limit sodium intake, daily sodium intake does not exceed 5 grams.

Five, hypertensive patients who do not use or caution will damage the kidney drugs such as gentamicin, kanamycin, sulfa drugs and other drugs. Also, once found in hypertensive patients with renal damage, should be taken under the guidance of doctors can lower blood pressure and can increase the antihypertensive effective renal blood flow and improve kidney function such as angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor captopril, Lotensin, or calcium antagonist amlodipine, felodipine, and the blood pressure control in 150/90 mmHg, the optimal blood pressure should be in (140/80 to 140/85) mm Hg as well.

This tells us that in our treatment of diseases, we must avoid causing other injuries. Must be under the guidance of the doctor, effective treatment.

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