What are the symptoms of renal failure in different stages?2017-05-12 14:53
Renal failure is a long-term cumulative emergence of a chronic kidney disease, the clinical manifestations of renal failure is very complex, the cause is also different, many of the patients are due to do not understand the symptoms of the disease in different periods, resulting in delays to the treatment of diseases. Here's a detailed understanding of the different periods of renal failure, what are the symptoms?. If you can't read the article, please click on the doctor online for free exchange or message
Stage I renal function compensation period: the normal glomerular filtration rate is 120 ml per minute. Glomerular filtration rate is reduced to 30-60 ml / minute, and nephron reduction is approximately 20%-25%. The renal reserve capacity has been lost, but for the excretion of metabolites, regulation of water electrolyte and acid-base balance ability is good, so no special clinical manifestations, serum muscle enzymes and blood urea nitrogen is usually normal or sometimes slightly increased.
Second, azotemia period: this period of glomerular filtration rate decreased to 25 ml / min, nephron reduction 50%-70%, concentration of renal dysfunction, appeared nocturia or polyuria, often have varying degrees of anemia, azotemia, serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen levels. Clinical can have fatigue, anorexia, nausea and mild discomfort all over the body.
The third stage, renal failure stage (early stage of uremia): renal function is seriously damaged, it can not maintain metabolism and water, electrolyte and acid-base balance in the body. The results showed that serum creatinine and urea nitrogen increased significantly, urinary concentration, dilution, dysfunction, acidosis, water and sodium retention, low calcium, high phosphorus, high potassium and other imbalance performance. Can have obvious anemia and gastrointestinal symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite. Also can have the neuropsychiatric symptoms, such as fatigue, inattention, depression etc..
The fourth stage, uremia period: manifested as multiple organ failure, such as gastrointestinal, nervous, cardiovascular, hematopoietic, respiratory, skin and metabolic systems seriously unbalanced. The clinical manifestations of nausea and vomiting, irritability, increased blood pressure, palpitation, chest tightness, not supine, dyspnea, severe anemia, severe convulsions, coma, often with hyperkalemia, hyponatremia, hypocalcemia and hyperphosphatemia. This period relies on dialysis to support life (how much is dialysis at a time? How long can dialysis patients live on uremia? Click here for an online doctor. Often due to hyperkalemia, cerebral edema, pulmonary edema, heart failure and sudden death.
The above is the Shijiazhuang kidney disease hospital nephrology expert tells you the different periods of renal failure, what are the symptoms of the content, it is because of the symptoms very much, caused the treatment is difficult, not timely reminder: treatment of renal failure will lead to uremia risk, hoping to attract attention, an early rehabilitation.