What to eat for failure in patients with renal failure in th2017-05-31 10:08
Diet has always been a critical part of the treatment of disease, while traditional Chinese medicine focuses on the regulation of body and disease by eating. For patients with kidney failure, the metabolism of the body due to system problems, in the diet should pay attention to eat not to the kidney produces too much pressure at the same time have enough nutrients to supplement the human body needs. So what is better for kidney failure?
What's the proper way to eat kidney failure?:
Chronic renal failure diet can be summarized as "three low, two high", three low: low protein, low phosphorus, low fat; two high: high calorie, high essential amino acids.
1. Low protein diet
If the intake of protein is too low, prone to malnutrition, in terms of chronic renal failure, protein intake should be limited to the 0.5~0.7g/kg D, low protein diet attention:
The 50%~70% protein to ensure high-quality protein, recommended that the common protein content of egg white, milk, fish, lean meat every 100 grams of food are as follows: 7 grams of rice, flour 9 grams, 36 grams of soy beans, mung bean 24 grams, 7.4 grams of tofu, cabbage 2 grams, 2.3 grams of eggplant, apple 0.4 grams, 27 grams of peanuts, pork 9.5 grams, 20 grams of beef, milk 1.5 grams, milk 3.3 grams, egg 15 grams, carp 17 grams, grams of shrimp. Although the protein content in human milk, milk and eggs is low, the essential amino acids they contain are basically in line with the human body. Therefore, the nutritional value is higher, and it is the best food in the diet. More protein containing foods include: Livestock milk, such as milk, meat, milk and other goats'milk;, such as cattle, sheep, pig, dog meat; poultry meat, such as chicken, duck, goose, quail, ostrich eggs, etc.; such as egg, quail egg and duck's egg, fish, shrimp, crab and so on; there are soy, including soy beans, and black beans, one of the highest nutritional value of soybeans, it is an excellent source of protein in infant food; in addition, like sesame seeds, walnuts, almonds, pine nuts and dried fruit are relatively high protein content;
Limiting the proportion of plant protein intake. Foods high in protein, such as cereals, nuts, almonds, etc.;
1 days of high quality protein should be evenly distributed to 3 meals, do not focus on a meal to eat, in order to facilitate the absorption and utilization;
2, high calorie diet
Ensuring adequate calories is the guarantee of a long-term low protein diet. The daily intake was 30~35 kcal / kg body weight. About 2000~2500 kcal per day. In addition to providing dietary protein, can be used with high calorie, low carbohydrate food protein as the main source of energy, such as potatoes, yams, taro, lotus, pumpkin, vermicelli, water chestnuts, lotus root starch, water chestnut powder, water chestnut powder, Tuanfen etc.. Non essential amino acids of high food restriction, such as dry beans, red beans, mung bean, broad bean, pea, soybean soybean kernels, bean curd, Dried tofu, Soybean Milk, nuts, seeds, peanuts, walnuts, cashew nuts, chestnut and cereal etc.. And the use of fat provides, but fat should be less, especially to limit animal fat, cooking should use vegetable oil.
3, low salinity limit water
For the amount of urine volume more than 1000ml without edema of the patients can not limit water, edema and hypertension, heart failure, daily intake should be restricted to the water, salt is 3g/d, the salt may be appropriate in 4-6g/d.
4, low potassium diet
Uremia generally have hyperkalemia, to strictly limit the potassium intake of high potassium foods fresh beans, potatoes, yams, spinach, amaranth, kelp, laver, dates, apricots, almonds, walnuts, bananas, peanuts, beans, soybeans, mung bean, soybean, sheep kidney, kidney etc..
5, low phosphorus diet
Very low phosphorus diet. High phosphorus bean seeds and nuts, animal offal, bone soup and potassium food through cooking methods such as potassium to boiled soup, fruit sugar after boiled waste water.
6, calcium supplementation
Patients with renal failure tend to have high phosphorus and low calcium, and can generally be treated with oral calcium carbonate.
7, vitamin supplements
General water-soluble vitamin B, especially vitamin B6, folic acid and vitamin C deficiency, need to be supplemented.
8, add trace elements
Zinc and iron are often absent in general renal failure patients. Lean lamb meat, lean beef containing iron, zinc rich iron rich starch.
9, emotional stability
The mood should be stable, sleep should be sufficient, keep defecate unobstructed.
In addition, the family of patients with renal failure should be comfortable, quiet, practical, clean and sanitary. To keep the air fresh, timing ventilation, eliminating bad smell, and adjusted according to seasonal climate. Room temperature and humidity should be appropriate, have sufficient light, bright. Room air disinfection regularly, often use vinegar fumigation, or fried water spraying amount of Guanzhong, the room, to prevent the flu, reducing the incentive to make the deterioration of chronic renal failure.