The difference between nephritis and renal failure2018-04-23 15:27
What are the early symptoms of nephritis:
Oliguria: The oliguria of acute nephritis can occur simultaneously with edema, and the urine is dark. The daily urine volume can be less than 400 milliliters. Individual patients even have no urine. About one-third of patients will have hematuria, and the urine may be seen as dark brown in color, usually for several days or even weeks. UAcute nephritis is also characterized by oliguria, accompanied by early onset symptoms such as nausea, fatigue, and anorexia.
Bubbles in the urine: The increase is often a phenomenon of protein. In general, the more foam, the more protein.
Swollen: the edema of nephritis often appears first in eyelid, face, scrotum and so on relatively loose place, after meeting can appear lower limb edema, when serious also whole body edema, a few people also can have ascites.
Hypertension: Patients with nephritis may or may not have high blood pressure, but if they develop uremia, they are often accompanied by high blood pressure and are difficult to control. Generally speaking, the prognosis of patients with hypertensive nephritis is often worse than that of patients without hypertension
Other: There is a history of streptococcal infection, such as flu, acute pharyngitis, tonsillitis, sinusitis, gingival abscess, scarlet fever, chickenpox, measles, skin abscess and other diseases, after 1-3 weeks of routine urine tracking can detect early signs of nephritis.
What are the early symptoms of renal failure?
Edema symptoms: This is a relatively easy phenomenon. It is because the kidney can not eliminate the excess water in the body and cause the liquid to stay in the interstitial space of the body. In the early stage, it only swells in the ankle and eyelids, and it disappears after rest. If it develops to persistent or systemic edema, it is not light yet.
Drowsiness and fatigue are the earliest manifestations of early symptoms of renal failure, but they are most easily overlooked. There are too many reasons for causing drowsiness and weakness. If you take a break and the symptoms improve, you may be more easily overlooked.
Hematuria: In general, many patients will have hematuria. When hematuria occurs, they do not usually have pain or other symptoms. Hematuria is often intermittent and will stop after a period of time, but it will be repeated many times.
Back pain: This phenomenon is easily misdiagnosed by patients, so patients should be cautious. Low back pain is the result of an enlarged tumor that pulls the kidney capsule or compresses the peripheral nerves and muscle tissue. Mostly dull on the waist or upper abdomen. Occasionally, severe colic occurs in the discharge of blood clots, which can be mistaken for kidney and ureteral calculi.
Symptoms of hypertension: Because the kidney has the function of draining sodium and drainage, when the kidney function is impaired, it will attack the retention of sodium and water, and at the same time, the kidneys will secrete some substances that increase the blood pressure.